The Sun setting over Arran as viewed from Seamill. Pic. AGT Media and Heritage.
The C-listed memorial to mathematician Robert Simson (1687-1768) is located in the town’s cemetery and was constructed in 1877, over a hundred years after his death. John Fullerton of Overton, who was responsible for its erection described, Simson as the ‘restorer of Grecian geometry’ or Euclidean geometry as it would more likely be referred to as nowadays.
Perhaps Simson is not as well know as other Scottish Enlightenment figures such as Adam Smith or David Hume, but his contribution has probably had just as profound effect on the modern world.
The hill in the background is West Kilbride Law (Scots for rounded hill) and no doubt the former Chair of Mathematics at Glasgow University spent happy many hours there perusing his theories.
The inspiration of this blog has been a conversation with a friend who feels that the promotion of what he sees as a Scottish mono-culture as being incompatible with the multiculturalism. His experience of regularly visiting London on work has persuaded him that we are inward and backward looking and, in contrast to London, much less ethnically diverse. There are good economic reasons for this, however, I want to focus on the concept of multiculturalism and how the promotion of Gaelic encourages a more culturally diverse environment.
Gaelic is at the point of extinction because of a planned and sustained program of cultural assimilation going back to the Enlightenment. It is not a result of natural selection as some claim. Here in Britain – in fact, you could say the British state was founded on this notion – we have adopted a French Jacobin model of the nation state in that we all have equality in the eyes of the law, but through the medium of English. There is no provision for different ethno-linguistic groups. This is not a natural state of affairs. Most people in the world speak more than one language (most speakers of English speak it as a 2nd language), however, English is a currency of mutual exchange between speakers of different languages and, in that respect, plays a crucial function. The near eradication of Gaelic from out landscape was not necessary and neither would it be necessary for speakers of other languages to dispense of their culture for integration into a multi-cultural Scotland to be possible.
The Scottish Governments emphasis in their Gaelic Language Plan is on the development of bilingualism and children who are brought up bilingually go on to pick up other languages more easily, not to mention a better standard of English. I’m not saying there are no tartan imperialists out there, but the promotion of Gaelic is not about creating some kind of Scottish mono-culture. On the contrary, it’s about creating cultural diversity.
#scottishhistory #Kings James I, despite his grisly end and failed military campaign, on release from English imprisonment proved himself a resilient and canny king in the face of a parliament used to paying little or no tax.
James Stewart I, King of Scots had an unusual reign in many ways. His rule began while he was a prisoner of King Henry IV of England. And his rule certainly ended in a tumultuous and violent manner.
James was born on July 25, 1394 at Dunfermline Palace. He was the son of King Robert III and Annabella Drummond, the daughter of a Scottish nobleman. James was the third son born to King Robert. While we don’t know much about James’ early years, he probably received the education of a boy of his rank for the time. James’ father had become king late in life and probably for health reasons was unable to rule in his own capacity. Consequently, Robert’s brother, the Duke of Albany, governed the kingdom. Robert and Anabella’s second son died young…
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#Bute #Gaelic #scottishhistory
The site at Dunagoil was fortified between 300 and 150 BC and may well have been the governmental centre of the island before the establishment of St Blane’s monastery in the 5th C. AD. #Rothesay did not become the island’s capital until the arrival of the #Vikings in the 9th C.
The name itself means ‘fort of the foreigner’ and is from the Gaelic. The language, which many regard as Scotland’s indigenous language, only arrived with the Irish monks who built the monastery, so whatever name the ancient Britons gave to it is a mystery. The foreigners in question are the Vikings, so maybe there was an older Gaelic name which related in some way to the older Brythonic language.
Interestingly, #Donegal – just over the Irish sea – shares the same Gaelic name, Dun nan Gall.